The potato is a root vegetable, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. It is cultivated because of its edible nodules, which are rich with starch and have a lot of nutrition. It is a vegetable that can be found throughout Mexico, Peru, Chile and Colombia. It was transferred from South America to Spain, by Spanish adventurers and got quickly expanded in Europe. It is widely known in Greece and it is a big part of the population’s staple diet. It was brought in Greece by Ioannis Kapodistrias. At the beginning, it was cultivated, experimentally, in the region of Tiryns. The potato’s production was very important, especially during the years of the world wars, since it fed and kept alive many people. It flourishes in cool and wet climate. The planting is categorized in two kinds, winter and summer planting. The winter planting is considered to be the main potato cultivation. Firstly, the potato is planted in the southern lowland regions of Greece, then in the northern lowland regions and lastly in the northern and southern mountainous regions of Greece. The summer planting takes place in the northern lowland and mountainous regions of Greece and in the southern mountainous regions. Germany, Russia and Poland are known for their vast production of potatoes. There are many varieties of potatoes such as Carlita, Mondial, Baraka, Clostar, Lola, Marine, Sachel and Atlas.
These are some ways of cutting a potato.